The Occupational Physician must assess the preventive aspect of the Secondary Occupational Diseases by recognizing the risks associated with it and if he recognizes the origin, undertake a legal medical course for the recognition of the Occupational Disease.
It plays a key role in the field of Social Security INPS and INAIL , expressing legal medical judgment concerning the residual capacity to work in the field of Civil and Pensionable Invalidity, as well as in the field of INAIL Occupational Injury.
Furthermore, each Company or Employer, after having carried out the Risk Assessment provided for by Legislative Decree 81/08 "Consolidated Law on Occupational Health and Safety" if there are risks for which the law provides for Health Surveillance, must appoint a Physician of Labor or Competent Doctor.
This role can be played by Medical Specialists in Occupational Medicine. The Employer can choose between three options (Article 39 of Legislative Decree 81/08):
Agreement with a public or private structure
The structure assigns its own Competent Doctor
to the Company
Agreement with a freelance physician
The Competent Doctor carries out its own manners as an external collaborator to the company staff.
Employment of a competent doctor
The Competent Doctor carries out its own manners as an employee of the company.
In this case, the Occupational Physician / Competent Doctor must perform, after having extended an appropriate Health Protocol , the Health Surveillance of workers.